One of the oldest nations in the world has a very rich history. Armenians call themselves Hay, the country- Hayastan. This comes from the ancient times, where Armenia was considered to be the land of Hayk, an Armenian historical figure. Later, the more common name which we know nowadays was given to the country. This again is a name of Armenian historical figure– Aram, after whom other nations started calling the country as Armenia. Now a Republic, Armenia remained a kingdom for a long time, having a number of very mighty kings. One of the most powerful kings was Tigran ll the Great (ruled 95-55 B.C.). During his rule, Armenia’s territory spanned from its traditional boundaries, which was due to the fact that the king fought and won many wars against Syria, Parthia , Rome… he left a great legacy to Armenia, founding new cities and increasing the territory of Armenia. Armenian flag and the coat of Arms
Armenia indeed has a very long and rich history-full of controversies, thoroughly exploring which would demand much more time. However, the country was not able keep its territorial integrity, and in the early modern period appeared in the rues of Persian Empire, Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire. All this was due to the fact that Armenia was right in the middle of different civilizations, different religion, and the small country could not sustain itself without its close allies, which very often were not loyal, and betrayed the country and its people.
One of the most notable events in the Armenian history is the adoption of Christianity as state religion and the creation of Armenian alphabet. Armenia was the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as state religion in 301 AD, and following that, Mesrop Mashtoc – created the Armenian Alphabet.
In 782 B.C. Armenian king Argishti established the city which now is the capital of Armenia. Erebuni it was called then, later Yerevan. This city is 29 years older than one of the most famous cities of the word- Rome. Yerevan is now the capital and the largest city of Armenia, with about 1 million population. By the way, Armenia, since the very old times, has had 12 capital cities. Every king decided by himself which country should be the capital. Thus the 12 capitals formed.
Today’s Armenia is not what the mighty Kingdom once was. Again, in the middle of the region it is a very small country, which is not rich in natural resources, has no access to sea. The treasure of the country is its human resources and very knowledgeable population. 100% of population of Armenia is literate, with a very high degree of higher education.
In early 20th century Armenia became independent, and declared the first Republic of Armenia. However, in 1920ies the country went under the Soviet rule. The Second republic of Armenia, which is 22 years old now was declared in 1991.
Historically , Armenia has had some really harsh conflicts with Turkey and Azerbaijan. In 1915 Turkey organizes a mass genocide of Armenians, in 1991 Armenia was engaged in a war with Azerbaijan, over the Nagorno Karabakh territory- with Armenian population. The genocide recognition by Turkey is urged by many countries, whereas the war with Azerbaijan is now on cease fire with the de facto Armenian victory. There is a threat that the war can be resumed at any moment. Serj Sarkissyan is now Armenia’s president, who is the head of the Republican party.
Apart from the wars, kings and presidents, Armenia has a lot of notable people. The chess team of Armenia won myriad of world and Olympic championships. Armenian sportsmen create Armenia’s history in the world, keeping the name , the flag and the all the Armenians around proud of them and their country.